Repost of an SANUK NOELLE MAGENTA PINK SIDEWALK SURFER CHUKKA BOOTS/ SHOES, US 7/ ~NEW from 2009 by Charles S. Viar (Twitter: present chairman of the Center for Intelligence Studies in Washington D.C. (reposted here for layout reasons; in accordance with the copyright notice at the bottom of the essay):
Men's/Women's WOMENS FRYE Jaime Ring Tall sell Affordable professional design
Charles S. Viar
Although the origins of intelligence have been lost in the mists of time, the practice is at least as ancient as warfare. In what is perhaps the oldest written reference to an intelligence operation, The Book of Numbers recounts God’s command that Moses dispatch a reconnaissance team to scout the Israelite advance upon the Promised Land:
Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the Children of Israel. Of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, everyone a ruler among them…
Had the Canaanites possessed an effective counterintelligence capability, the story of the Israelite assault might have ended differently. For even a minimal foreknowledge of their intentions and capabilities would have made it possible for the Canaanites to organize a more effective defense. But as may be inferred from the Bible, they failed to detect the operation directed against them.WOMENS LARRY MAHAN GENUINE OSTRICH QUILL BLACK COWBOY WESTERN BOOTS SZ 5 B 5BKelsi Dagger Womens farrenvc Closed Toe Ankle Fashion Boots, Tan, Size 7.5 YKWh
For that, they paid a fearsome price.
Jeffrey Campbell 8.5M Camel Suede Meeker Wood Wedge Abstract Boots
Narrowly defined as “evaluated information,” intelligence is a dynamic process that involves the collection, analysis, and dissemination of data to national policymakers and other government officials of lesser rank. Intelligence serves to forewarn them of likely actions, events, and developments within their sphere of responsibility; and aids in matching available resources to threats and opportunities alike. As such, it is the sine qua non of effective statecraft.
More broadly, intelligence also serves as a force-multiplier. Much as Archimedes Lever makes it possible to magnify mechanical force transmitted across space, covert and clandestine intelligence operations make it possible for states to enhance the power they project beyond their frontiers.Cat By Caterpillar Corrine Fireweed Womens Riding Boots 7.5 M,Women Over Knee Boots Pointed Toe Stiletto Heel Suede Elasticity Plus Size Shoes History is littered with examples of small and middling states exercising disproportionate influence through the deft application of secret intelligence.
Given the enormous – and occasionally decisive – advantages conferred by effective intelligence in the Great Game of Nations, well-governed states seek to maximize the effectiveness of their own intelligence services and to protect themselves against hostile services deployed against them.L.A.M.B. NORLAND BOOTIES 9.5 Scalloped Black Suede High HeelsNOCONA WOMENS 5.5 A TEJU LIZARD BROWN LEATHER CLASSIC COWBOY BOOTS ROPERS Domestic security typically provides one level of defense, and counterintelligence another.
NEW Clarks Original Aerial Desert Womens 9M Sand Tan Suede Leather Ankle Boots
Although counterintelligence has been recognized as an integral component of state security since the Chinese military scholar Sun Tzu published The Art of War in the Fourth or Fifth century BC, the concept remains muddled. For almost two and a half millennia, the term itself has defied definition.
According to James Angleton, the legendary former Chief of CIA Counterintelligence, the term is ineffable. Although Angleton’s Deputy Chief for Operations generally concurred, he believed counterintelligence could nonetheless be described in terms of core functions. BNIB Clarks Ladies Reunite Go GTX Brown Suede Gore Tex Ankle Boots size 6.5 MBCBG BCBGeneration Womens BG-Galaxi Monk Strap Combat Boot Shoe, Army, US 5.5Angleton’s Deputy Chief for Analysis, however, disagreed with both. According to Raymond G. Rocca, counterintelligence is self-defined: it applies to any action undertaken to counter, i.e., negate, the efforts of hostile intelligence services.
Having studied under all three of the practitioners listed above, the writer of this paper eventually concluded Rocca’s understanding is more nearly correct; and has since argued that counterintelligence can be best illustrated by contrast. Where counterespionage – or security – seeks to neutralize individual spies and spy rings, counterintelligence attempts to neutralize hostile intelligence services as a whole.LUCKY BRAND Women's Brielley 2 Dark Earth Brown Asymmetrical Ankle Bootie
- Christian Louboutin Brown Tromploia 160 Strap Sandal Heel Pump 36.5 Wedges Size US 6.5 Regular (M, B)
- Burberry Prorsum Black Suede and Gold Edenside Cage Wedge Ankle Boots/Booties Size EU 38.5 (Approx. US 8.5) Regular (M, B)
- Melissa Black Mar Flat Sandals Size US 6 Regular (M, B)
- NEW Nike Air Untouchable Mens Athletic Training Shoes 9.5 Black/Silver MSRP$140
- Nike Zoom Streak 5 Running Electric Green Photo Blue Black flyknit 12 641318-301
- NEW Women's adidas EQT Support ADV Black/Gold AC7972 Size 6.5
- Nike Air Max Run Lite 5 Running Women's Shoes Size 6
- Vans Authentic Black Outsole True White Women's 8
- Nike Mens Air Force 1 AF1 Navy Blue/White Sneaker Shoe 315122-411 SIZE 11.5 2009
- Men's/Women's Mens 10 Sport Lites Shoes Best-selling worldwide Modern design Exquisite processing
- Marc Ecko Water Resistant Brown Plaid Interior Boots, Size 12
- Man's/Woman's Steve Madden Men's Halloway Chukka Boot Packaging diversity Strong value Contrary to the same paragraph
- Terra Sentry Men's Tan Leather Work Boot's 7.5M
- New Mens Warm fur lined Slip On Snow walk Ankle Boots Winter Thicken Casual Shoe
- Skechers Men's Relaxed Fit Relment Pelmo Hiking Boot Size 9 Medium
- BRAHMA Boots Waterproof 400 gm Thinsulate Walk Hunting Fish Shoes Mens Sz 8.5 #j
- Sperry Top Sider Men's Brown Leather Slip On Boat Shoe Sz 10M 1711
- COLE HAAN GRANDEVOLUTION WINGTIP OXFORD SUEDE SIZE 10 BRAND NEW (C26311)
- Puma Sky II Hi SF Texture Puma Black/Puma White 362872 01 Women's SZ 7.5
- U.S. Polo Assn. Women's Valley Fashion Boot - Choose SZ/Color
- Nike Air Max Audacity ASG LMTD Anthony Davis Mens Shoes Sz 10 NEW 840677 100
- NIKE Air Stab Premium 313717-581 Ink, Max Orange Midnight Fog 2006 Release Sz 10
- Womens Shoes Pullover Buckle Cowboy Western Leather Riding Motorcycle Boots 2018
- Steve Madden New Women's Lesli Black Leather Knee High Boots Size 7M
- RTBU TROOPS Lockable Zip Brass Padlock Strap Knee 12cm Spool Fetish Boots
- Womens WILD DIVA LOUNGE 226818 green tropical pattern slip ons sz. 6
- Authentic Burberry Nova Check Buckle Flats 38 1/2
- chic Womens Mink Fur Cow Leather Witner Warm Slip on Oxfords Loafers Shoes Sz
- Gentleman/Lady Anne Klein Women's Fanetta Nubuck feature a wide range of products Direct business
- Balenciaga Black Suede Ankle Strap Flats Size 10 - Made in Italy
- WMNS Nike Roshe Run One Flyknit SZ 9 Dark Atomic Purple Multi-color 704927-302
- Cole Haan Womens Genevieve Weave Ankle Strap Sandal Black/Black Genevieve Weave/
- WMNS NIKE AIR MAX 270 FLIGHT GOLD LIGHT BONE HOT PUNCH WHITE AH6789-700 WOMENS
- Earth Spirit Classics Women Size 6 Elaine Clog Style Shoe
- New alegria Jemma aqua flower shoes. sz40.RT$129.
- Puma Blaze of Glory SOFT 36010103 Glacier Gray Suede Casual Shoes (D, M) Men
- Sperry Mens Size 13 Top Sider Star Wars Han Solo & Chewbacca slip-on shoes
- Converse Chuck Taylor All Star Coated Leather Medium Olive Sneaker 157556C
- Cole Haan Resort Men 7.5 7 1/2 M Brown Woven Leather Penny Loafers Shoes Brazil
- Skechers USA Mens Harper Brawley Slip-on Loafer- Select SZ/Color.
- Mr/Ms arizona Yvonne Boots Sz 6 M Aesthetic appearance Fast delivery Different styles and styles
- Franco Sarto Ankle Boots Size 8.5 Black Leather Booties 4" Heel New Condition
- Everybody Women's Cessa, Black, 42 EU/12 M US
- Naturalizer- Women's, Brenna, Ankle Booties, Black 35, Size 8 1/2 Medium, (USA)
- DOLCE & GABBANA D&G Brown Suede Leather Ankle Boots Sz 37 Made In Italy
- Man's/Woman's Rocky 911 Athletic Oxford Duty Shoes Rich design Selected materials Rich on-time delivery
- FEAR OF GOD FIFTH COLLECTION ARMY GREEN BLACK GUM sneaker Khaki & black & white
- Footpatrol x Adidas EQT Running Cushion 93 Consortium US11.5 Pre Owned
- adidas Aqualette Cloudfoam Black White Men Sports Sandal Slippers Slides CM7928
- BNIB Clarks "Jocolin Vista" Cloudsteppers™ Casual Loafers, Women, Black, Size 6W
- Converse One Star Grey New Size 4.5
- Nike Air Max Lebron 7 VII Low Red Suede Size 11
- ARIAT Armadillo Western Roper Brown Leather Work Riding Boots 37920 Size 7 EE
- LATEX RUBBER 100% BOOTS SIZE 6-16 HEELS-0' - -PRODUCER POLAND
- SANITA 461981 PREMIUM EUROPEAN SHOE MAKER SANITA SZ 10 M LEATHER BOOTS HANDMADE
- Christian Louboutin Black Maudissima 100 Kid Pumps Size US 9
- Christian Louboutin Pony Troubida 120 Sandals Size US 11.5
- Ralph Lauren Red Flats Size US 7.5 Regular (M, B)
- Man's/Woman's FRYE MENS COWBOY BOOTS 10EE PREOWNED! main category Primary quality Exquisite workmanship
- Rocky Men's SlipStop 911 Plain Toe Oxford Shoe Black FQ0002034
- Baabuk Sneakers Men's 13 Classic Gray Wool US 13 Made in Portugal
- MEN'S ROCK & REPUBLIC LEON LOW TOP GREY LEATHER SNEAKERS SIZE 10
- Men's Rockport Thru The Week Slip On K58034 Black Brand New
- Adidas Originals Stan Smith Metallic Girls/Womens Trainers(//US 8)
- Nike Tanjun Mens Style : 812654
- Nike Lebron Soldier 10 Size 13
- adidas Running Women's Ultraboost X All Terrain Mystery Ruby/Core Black/Trace Pi
- NIKE Womens Nike Flex Essential Tr 924344-001 BLACK Size 7
- Elegant Womens High Heels Stilettos Faux Suede Booties Ankle Boots Shoes Casual
- Brinley Co Women's Vega Knee High Boot
- Nike Air Max Zero Navy
- Nike Air Max 90 Essential Mens 537384-053 Black Wolf Grey Running Shoes Size 10
- Winter Women Knee High Boots Patent Leather High Stiletto Platform Faux Fur Trim
- Gentlemen/Ladies Boot Nine West Cavanagh Green Suede Charming design High quality and economy Popular recommendation
- Men's/Women's Vince Camuto Women's Farrier Ankle Boot Modern technology Excellent performance Known for its beautiful quality
- Skechers BOBS Womens Squad-Tough Talk Sneaker- Select SZ/Color.
- Women Low Top Casual Side Zip Winter PU Shoes Outdoor Fashion Ankle Boots Sbox14
- NEW VIONIC Honor Ashby Loafer Women's 7M Tan Leopard Calf Hair Flats Shoes $140
- naturalizer Thea3 Platform Espadrilles Flats, Cream Snake, 8.5 US / 38.5 EU
- new PRADA gray taupe snake leather LOGO ballet flats shoes 36 US 6 - very soft
- Sperry Top-Sider Women's 7 Seas 3-Eye Sneaker Black Knit Mesh Sneakers
- 1801 ADIDAS SUPERSTAR BOLD BA7666 PLATFORM SHOES WHITE BLACK
- New in Box Womens ECCO Biom Trail FL Trail Running Shoes Black Granite 37 and 40
- Women's Nike Air Max 270 Ocean Bliss Hot Punch Black White AH6789-400 Size 12
- Dansko Clogs Black Leather Upper 1.75" Heels Size 37
- FLOWER MOUNTAIN Men's Shoes Sneakers Yamano Man Calf Brown Marroni Agion Cork
- Outdoor Men's White Casual Shoes Breathable Sports Sneakers Running Athletic Hot
- Men's casual walking work shoes Ventilated Suede waterproof Shoes size 9 9.5 10
- Ben Sherman Men's Pete Slip On Sneaker - Choose SZ/Color
- Gentleman/Lady LOEVAN BROWN elegant Brand Sales online store
- Nature Breeze Bike-02 Women Leatherette Knee High Lug Sole Zippered Riding Boot
- Rampage Intense Riding Boots 946, Black, 7 US
- White Mountain Womens Havana Leather Closed Toe Ankle Fashion, Black, Size 9.0 j
- PASTELLE Bottines Boots à Talons Cuir Bleu Pétrole T 36 BE
- Aldo Brown Knee High Heel Boots Hardly Used Womens Size 37 or 6 (USED)
- Twisted X Boots Men's MDMS013 Slip On Driving Moc Distressed Saddle Leather
- Prada Milano Black Leather Pebble Grain Driving Shoe Size 9 US
- Brass Boot Mens Shoes burgundy Loafers with Tassel Size 9.5 moc toe penny loafer
- oluikai mens “kukui” flip flops men’s 10
- VIONIC (2 Pair) Orthaheel 341 Camila Strap Size 7, Snake Skin & Black
- Adidas Mens Cq1855 White/White/White Running Shoes Size 10.5 (13877)
- Polo Ralph Lauren Hugh Men's Black Fashion Sneaker 9.5M
- Mens New rubber Work boots fish work shoes camo long Over Knee High rain boots
- Groundwork Mens Adult Safety Boot with mid plate Black or Brown or Honey
- Johnston Murphy Ankle Boots Brogue Zip Black Leather Mens Shoes Size 11.5
- British Mens Low Heel Zips Dress Formal Ankle Boots High Top Round Toes Shoes
- AdTec Men's 1511 Ranch Wellington Boots 11"
- JUSTIN Marble Brown Leather Cowboy Boots Mens Size 9.5 D Style 1650 USA
- Firetrap Dr Domello Casual Trainers Mens Navy Fashion Trainers Sneakers Footwear
- Rockport Men's Traviss Zip Boot Chelsea Boot
- Navy Blue 500587 W07e1 Sneakers Size US 9 Regular (M, B)
- Christian Louboutin Grey Lady Daf 160 Cobra Snake Mary Jane Pumps Heels 36 Platforms Size US 6
- Christian Louboutin Black Peep Pumps Size US 6 Regular (M, B)
- Nike KYRIE 4 "OBSIDIAN" 943806 401 Size 10.5
- Men's 2014 *Nike Air Jordan Dub- Zero* Teal Green, Basketball Shoes 311046-330
- Men's Shoe Nike Roshe One Running Shoes - Wolf Grey/White 511881-023
- Womens NIKE AIR MAX JEWELL Beige Trainers 896194 201
- Fashion New Womens Sexy Ankle Boots Strench Pull On Shoes High Heel Stiletto
- NIB SANTANA CANADA MENDOZA WOMENS WATERPROOF SNOW BOOTS BROWN, 6 $229
- NEW Nike Stefan Janoski Max L QS Rio White Photo Blue (749678-614) Men's SZ 10
- Nike Lebron Soldier XI "Camo" 897644-200 Basketball Shoes Men's Size 11.5
- Fashion Ladies Patent Leather Clear Block Heels Over Knee Thigh High Shoes Boots
- Clarks Ornella Chelsea Sand Natural Suede Platform Wedge Booties Boots ITALY
- Puma Pallacanestro Classic GOMMA Deluxe Sneaker Nere F01
- S-2144999 New Balenciaga Camel Suede Boot Shoes US 7.5 Marked-37.5
- Womens Hollow out Flats Casual Floral Closed toe Mother Casual shoes Slippers Us
- Skechers BOBS Women's B-Loved-Liquid Sparkle Flat - Choose SZ/Color
- Naturalizer Women's Emiline Slip-on Loafer - Choose SZ/Color
- Stuart Weitzman Gilligan Black Suede Flat - Size 10 - EUC
- Free People 'Royale' Pointy Toe Leather Flats SZ 37EU/7US Black
- Nike W BLAZER LOW LX WOMENS Sneakers AA2017-202 MSRP: $95
- Adidas DB0374 Women Equipment 10 Running shoes pink sneakers
- ℃-ute Team C-ute Women's Reebok [US Size 8] Hello!Project Suzuki Airi
- Man's/Woman's Steve Madden Womens Shoes Size 10 New product Won highly appreciated and widely trusted at home and abroad Most practical
- Easy Spirit Women's Domina, Dark Brown, 8.5 W US
- DIADORA MEN'S SHOES SUEDE TRAINERS SNEAKERS NEW B ELITE PREMIUM GREY E11
- Mojari Indian Men Shoes Leather Flip-Flops Handmade Espadrilles US 7-9
- Unlisted by Kenneth Cole Men's Solar Sneaker - Choose SZ/Color
- Men's/Women's Dunham 9 Brown Oxford Shoe Men's flagship store Lush design Beautiful and charming
- Converse Cons Weapon Low Top Skate Ox Lunarlon Insole Charcoal Gray Gum 147512C
- Retro Lady Point Toe Slip Round Shoes
- Ladies Spot On Biker Style Ankle Boots with Stud Strap Trim 50688
- Karen Scott 'Riser' All Leather Cushioned Side Zip Ankle Boot Cream 9.5M
- SANDLER Leather Boots sz 10 / 41 'Kelsey' sexy knee/thigh black mod NIB! $240
- I35 Leena Pointed Toe Zip Up Boots 555, Black, 7.5 US
- Nike Air Moc Ultra Slip-On Shoes 862440-003 Black Armory Navy Off White Size 12
- Camper Pelotas Mens Trainers Two Tone Black Beige Shoes Size EU.41 US.8 UK.7.5
- Johnston & Murphy 8.5 Brown Slip-On Loafer Men
- Nike Mens Benassi Jdi Black Slides Size 9 (14619)
- Pleaser Pink Label Womens Anna03/Rsa Ballet Flat 13US- Pick SZ/Color.
- Gentleman/Lady Adidas Eqt Support Hyperpink Sz 13 Excellent craft Latest styles Amoy
- $89.99 Generic Surplus Mid Deck (khaki) M93MD01KHA
- NWD MOSA Italian Mens SIZE R 9.5, L 10 BLACK Leather Cap Toe Beatle Style Boots
- New Bed Stu Royce Men's Black Rustic Chelsea Ankle Leather Boots Size 8.5
- Dakota Men's Quad Comfort 6" STCP Tan/Black Workboot 8M
- Giuseppe Zanotti Black Satin Taz Crystal Sandal Formal Shoes Size US 8.5 Regular (M, B)
- Christian Louboutin Black Troop It Silver Buckles High Heel Red Sole Zip Platform Ankle Boots/Booties Size EU 40 (Approx. US 10) Regular (M, B)
- Christian Louboutin Runway Platform Wedges Size US 9 Regular (M, B)
- Nike Men's Free RN 2018 Athletic Running Shoes Wolf Grey/White Size 13.0M
- NIKE MERCURIAL VICTORY IV FG SOCCER SHOES CLEATS MEN SZ 7.5-12 555613-474 L
- Adidas Womens Stan Smith Frog Green Leather Trainers Size 9 AQ6806
- Nike Wmns Air Huarache Run Print - 725076 500 - 2015
- New Seychelles Womens Brown Fashion Boots Size 6
- Men/Women Vince Camuto Signature DALINA BOOT BLACK Reasonable price new Cost-effective
- NEW Nike Pro Stepper BB Grey Black Blue 776086-002 Size 11.5
- Nike LeBron Soldier 10 Size 11. (844374-164)
- Men's/Women's Gap Black Chelsea boots Elegant and sturdy set meal modern British temperament
- Mens Nike SB Dunk High Noot 536182-001 Black/Black Brand New Size 9
- CABELA'S Kangaroo Leather Moc Toe Insulated Boots Dk Green Men's 9.5 D Near MINT
- Rocky RKK0244 WorkSmart Mens 5" Black Composite Toe Waterproof Work Boots
- Magnanni 'Marco' Monk Strap Loafer sIZE 10.5 retail $325
- Gentleman/Lady：PUMA Womens Sky II Hi NBK： Highlighted style
- Nine West Womens Bree Leather Boot- Pick SZ/Color.
- Kenneth Cole Tall Adjustable All Leather 'Dark Almond ' Low heel Boot Size 9
- BURBERRY Size 37 / 38 Montrose House Check Duck Snow Winter Boots
- Clarks Cheyn Wale Women Shoes Black Leather Flats Sz 7.5 M
- THIERRY RABOTIN Pewter Black Leather Len Comfort Shoe Sz 9 Bin 3443
- Women's SAS Roamer Sage Strap 9.5 Narrow (N,AA)
- Rockport Women's Total Motion Salima Dress Pump - Choose SZ/Color
- Women's Sanita Danish Clogs Professional Cabrio Brush Off Leather Black
- Nike Lunarepic Low Flyknit 2 Womens Running Shoes 8 Provence Purple 863780 502
- Skechers Skyline - Surefire [13043BLK] Women Casual Shoes Black
- Puma Shantell Martin Platform Trace Strap Womens 366533-01 White Shoes Size 11
- Men/Women Bolo clogs, black, women's size 9.5m Excellent value New in stock Vintage tide shoes
- Flexus by Spring Step Women's Fabrice Brown Leather/Suede Comfort Shoes
- YSL Mens Navy Suede Espadrille Size 39
- Skechers Milford Relaxed Memory Foam Loafers Mens Sz 12 M Brown Slip On 64365
- Mens Patent Leather Bright Color Floral Pointed Toe Formal Dress Suit Shoes E430
- Mens Large Size Ralph Lauren Polo Sander P Blue Shoes 15 D..347A
- Donald J Pliner Mens Brody SLide Textile Sandals in Green Size 8
Womens boc brown leather tall boots size 6.5 US / 37 EUR Great Condition
In a more perfect world, intelligence services would aspire to comprehensive coverage of their targets. But in actual practice, physical, organizational, political, and budgetary constraints have traditionally forced them to limit their collection activities to data pertaining to the targeted state’s organization, capabilities, and intentions. More recently, intelligence services have been tasked with gathering financial, economic, and technical data as well; and with the development of remote collection techniques, the amount of raw data collected by major intelligence services has become staggering in both scope and volume.
From a theoretical standpoint, intelligence collection and analysis should not be especially difficult. But given the fact that intelligence services routinely devote a substantial portion of their resources to deception operations designed to deceive their adversaries, ROCKET DOG Womens EDMOND BURN OUT Chocolate Zip Leather Boots Size 7Mthe task is far more difficult than it first appears. Tables of organization and orders of battle can be faked, deployment patterns and readiness indicators manipulated, and communications traffic played for purpose. Indeed, almost any sort of intelligence data can be fabricated and fed to foreign intelligence services through sacrificial spies, dangles, false defectors, and dispatched agents.
This inherent vulnerability to hostile deception operations lays bare what Angleton formally referred to as the Epistemological Problem:BCBG Girls Sophie Womens Brown Gold Buckle Heels Bootie Ankle Boots 7Lucky Brand Women's Urbi Wedge Bootie Pump Dark Sable 10 M US.
Given the fact that foreign intelligence services routinely mount large and carefully crafted deception operations against us, how can we know what we believe to be true is actually so?
In less guarded moments, he called it “That damnable question.”
Gentlemen/Ladies Ralph lauren purple label boots High quality and cheap Impeccable Popular tide shoes
As intelligence practitioners will attest, it is a damnable question indeed. Nonetheless, there are two solutions to the problem – one partial, the other complete.
The first solution is to look at intelligence data in terms of a jigsaw puzzle extending across time. $69 Limelight Womens Madison Slouch Boot Shoes, Black, US 9.5After fitting together as many of the pieces as possible, one may flag those that are known to be true beyond doubt. Subsequent pieces that fit with those may be presumed true, in the absence of contrary evidence.
Although this approach has considerable merit – including especially the way it facilitates intuitive judgments – the results it generates are both probabilistic and tentative. The likelihood that new data may significantly alter the pattern is high.
In contrast, the second solution can provide definitive answers – but only rarely, $199 BCBG Max Azria Womens Lexy Knee High Zipper Boot Shoe, Dark Caramel, US 8.5when two relatively unlikely events occur simultaneously: 1) a high-level penetration agent confirms the validity of specific intelligence data, and 2) a code break “backstops” the veracity of the confirming agent. In the world of intelligence, certainty depends upon serendipity.
The recruitment of high-level penetration agents is rare, and code breaks are even more so. They occur together perhaps once a decade, and when they do intelligence analysts emerge from their garrets to enjoy a brief moment of clarity. But when the agent is lost or the codes are changed, they are condemned to wander once more through what Angleton termed “The Wilderness of Mirrors” – an Epistemological Hell from which neither truth nor falsehood may be surely obtained.
Women’s VIONIC GEORGIA Tan Suede Ankle Boots- Side Zipper- Size 8
Determining the validity of intelligence data thus depends in part on recruiting from the enemy’s ranks senior political office holders or high-ranking government officials, and in part upon breaking their codes. But once affected, these unlikely circumstances open a window to other intriguing possibilities – including, $119 BCBG BCBGeneration Womens BG-Indie Knee High Wedge Boot Shoe, Black, US 5.5$70 Limelight Womens Madison Equestrian Slouch Boot Shoes, Taupe, US 8specifically, offensive counterintelligence operations designed to penetrate, infiltrate, and suborn the target’s intelligence service in order to play it back against the state it serves. The ultimate goal of such operations is to entice or provoke the targeted state into undertaking ruinous and self-destructive actions.Cat by Caterpillar Bianca Women's Boots Latte 7 MSEVEN DIALS 'Teresa' Women's Bootie, Black - 7 M
As Angleton observed, successful politicians and senior government officials are a remarkably homogenous lot. For the most part, they derive from roughly comparable social circumstances and share core formative experiences in common. Simpson Finnegan Scrunched Dress Knee High Boots Size 9.5 BourbonKenneth Cole REACTION Women's Pil-ates Ankle Bootie Rock Size 6.0They attend the same schools – or at least the same types of schools – and are imbued with the same canon. They also hold remarkably similar beliefs and values, and share certain characteristic attitudes regarding the larger world. Together these form something akin to a collective psyche, or what Angleton termed the “Mind of the State.”
If states have minds, they also have states of mind – and as with individuals, it is their state of mind that makes them most vulnerable to deception. For a state of mind is a predisposition to belief or action; and if that predisposition can be accurately gauged,INC International Concepts COCO Merlot Leather Designer Riding Boots 6 $179Cat By Caterpillar Harper Womens Faux Fur Wedge Boots Dark Gull Grey 11 M tempting or provoking the targeted decision-makers to ruin becomes a plausible exercise in perception management.
WOMEN'S SPERRY, PINECREST LEOPARD HI-TOP SHOES - SIZE 6.5
If there is a single failing common to decision-makers throughout history, it is an excessive faith in intelligence. For reasons that remain obscure, decision-makers seem unable or unwilling to grasp the implications of the Epistemological Problem Angleton described. Despite ample warnings, they almost invariably place far more credence in intelligence reports than they deserve; and it is upon this most basic failing that offensive counterintelligence plays.
In The Art of War, Sun Tzu wrote “Supreme excellence is to subdue the enemy without fighting” $159 BCBG BCBGeneration Women Galaxi Monk Strap Military Boot Shoe,Onyx,US 6.5and argued this end may best be achieved by manipulating the “Golden Threads” of intelligence – that is, the lines of communications that connect agents recruited from within the enemy’s camp to one’s own. The first Golden Thread may be activated by sacrificing deliberately misinformed low-level agents for capture, $159 size 10 Vince Camuto Simlee Brown Leather Ankle Bootie Buckle Womens Shoesdangling double agents for enemy recruitment, and dispatching false defectors to the enemy’s camp. The second is brought into play by querying the agent-in-place to determine how the enemy decision-makers have interpreted the false information they delivered. If the information evokes the intended state of mind, the false message can be reinforced by repeating the process in different ways. If not, it can be modulated until it does.
By these means offensive counterintelligence operations can create a false picture of reality in the minds of targeted decision-makers, much as an artist paints an image upon a sheet of canvass. Brush stroke by brush stroke, the attacking service can exploit the enemy intelligence service it suborned to systematically manipulate the Mind of the State.
Women's Laredo Madison Snip Toe Brown Leather Cowboy Boots Size 6.5
The many critics of offensive counterintelligence argue that strategic deception operations of the size and scale suggested above are far too complex and complicated to be practical, as they are doomed to eventually collapse under their own weight. Jessica Simpson Cobra Espresso Leather Stylish Boots . NIB Size 5The criticism is true at least in part, but nonetheless disingenuous. Intelligence operations of any sort have a relatively short shelf life; and unless shut down by those who initiated them or uncovered by their intended targets, they will ALL eventually collapse for similar cause.
Perhaps more to the point, modern history is strewn with examples of successful strategic deceptions including the TRUST operation of the 1920’s, which saved the nascent Soviet state from ruin; the Soviet-sponsored WIN operation that forced the United States to abandon its post-war efforts to liberate Eastern Europe; and the Anglo-American deception operation that made possible the successful invasion of Normandy in 1944. All of these operations were conducted in the manner outlined above, and each inflicted massive damage upon the states they targeted.
Unfortunately, the United States abandoned its national counterintelligence capability in December of 1974 – and with it, the ability to mount large-scale strategic deception operations. Redefined and re-envisioned by successive administrations, Cat by Caterpillar Women's Janel Ankle Boots Warmed 8 M,counterintelligence had been reduced to little more than a security function until the Clinton Administration partially resurrected it after disastrous and overlapping penetrations of the CIA and the FBI were uncovered in the 1990’s. Expanded and reorganized in the aftermath of 9-11, a National Counterintelligence Executive now exists as a semi-autonomous supervisory agency. And yet despite the many long overdue reforms that have been undertaken since 2001, U.S. counterintelligence remains hobbled by an obtuse and legalistic definition, conceptual confusion,VTG NOCONA BOOTS Women's Brown Leather Cowboy Western Boots Size 7A made in USA tangled jurisdictions, and – above all – by institutional timidity. For while offensive counterintelligence operations are now officially recognized, they remain tightly controlled and rarely sanctioned. They are tactical operations, most often mounted in reprisal.
Despite ample modern precedents, strategic deception operations of the sort advocated by Sun Tzu and refined by Angleton remain beyond the pale. This is unfortunate and – for those that seek to limit the suffering caused by armed conflict – deeply disconcerting.NAUGHTY MONKEY SPARKS spats crackle leather studded cowboy Steampunk goth bootsCOMPULSION VINTAGE Fashion TALL Boots Size 6.5 M Woman
For in the Great Game of Nations, offensive counterintelligence remains the only plausible means for achieving victory without war. For if only in theory, it is the primary offensive instrument of state.
Published by the Center for Intelligence Studies.COLIN STUART $148 FAUX FUR CUFF WRAP LACING PUFFER WEDGE BOOTS Leopard Print 6.5GIANNI BINI Brown Leather Mid-Calf High Boots ~ size USA -7M
1016 K Street NE. Washington, DC. 20002
202 / 399-0292
Copyright 2009. This paper may be reproduced in part or in whole for civic or educational purposes, provided that context is preserved and full attribution is given